This tutorial introduces how to send email in SQL Server Stored Procedure using SMTP. It also demonstrates SSL, Cursor and Email Queue usage.
EASendMail is a SMTP component which supports all operations of SMTP/ESMTP protocols (RFC 821, RFC 822, RFC 2554). Before you can use the following sample codes, you should download the EASendMail Installer and install it on your machine at first.
MS SQL Server 2000 or later version provides several system Stored Procedures for invoking ActiveX COM object.
sp_OACreate Creates an instance of the COM object on an instance of MS SQL Server sp_OADestroy Destroys a created COM object sp_OAGetProperty Gets a property value of a COM object. sp_OASetProperty Sets a property value of a COM object to a new value. sp_OAMethod Calls a method of a COM object. sp_OAGetErrorInfo Gets the exception information from OLE automation.
To use EASendMail SMTP ActiveX Object in MS SQL server, the first step is “Enable Ole Automation”. If you use SQL 2000, you can simply ignore this step. For SQL 2005, 2008 or later version, please open your SQL Server Management Studio and connect your server by Database Administrator at first, then open a new SQL Query window and input the following SQL statement:
sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; GO RECONFIGURE; GO sp_configure 'Ole Automation Procedures', 1; GO RECONFIGURE; GO
After you ran above statement, your “Ole Automation” environment is enabled, now you can use ActiveX Object in your SQL server.
To better demonstrate how to use send email using SMTP protocol, let’s create a simple stored procedure at first. First of all, select your database, then right click -> New Query to open a new SQL query window.
Now add the following SQL statement to the query window and run it:
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[usp_SendTextEmail] @ServerAddr nvarchar(128), @From nvarchar(128), @To nvarchar(1024), @Subject nvarchar(256), @Bodytext nvarchar(max) = 'This is a test text email from MS SQL server, do not reply.', @User nvarchar(128) = '', @Password nvarchar(128) = '', @SSLConnection int = 0, @ServerPort int = 25 AS DECLARE @hr int DECLARE @oSmtp int DECLARE @result int DECLARE @description nvarchar(255) EXEC @hr = sp_OACreate 'EASendMailObj.Mail',@oSmtp OUT If @hr <> 0 BEGIN PRINT 'Please make sure you have EASendMail Component installed!' EXEC @hr = sp_OAGetErrorInfo @oSmtp, NULL, @description OUT IF @hr = 0 BEGIN PRINT @description END RETURN End EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'LicenseCode', 'TryIt' EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ServerAddr', @ServerAddr EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ServerPort', @ServerPort EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'UserName', @User EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'Password', @Password EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'FromAddr', @From EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'AddRecipientEx', NULL, @To, 0 EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'Subject', @Subject EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'BodyText', @BodyText /* Most mordern SMTP servers require SSL/TLS connection now*/ /* 1 means use SSL/TLS based on server port, 4 means if server supports SSL/TLS connection, SSL/TLS is used automatically */ If @SSLConnection > 0 BEGIN EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ConnectType', 1 END ELSE BEGIN EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ConnectType', 4 END /* you can also add an attachment like this */ /*EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'AddAttachment', @result OUT, 'd:\test.jpg'*/ /*If @result <> 0 */ /*BEGIN*/ /* EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'GetLastErrDescription', @description OUT*/ /* PRINT 'failed to add attachment with the following error:'*/ /* PRINT @description*/ /*END*/ PRINT 'Start to send email ...' EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'SendMail', @result OUT If @hr <> 0 BEGIN EXEC @hr = sp_OAGetErrorInfo @oSmtp, NULL, @description OUT IF @hr = 0 BEGIN PRINT @description END RETURN End If @result <> 0 BEGIN EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'GetLastErrDescription', @description OUT PRINT 'failed to send email with the following error:' PRINT @description END ELSE BEGIN PRINT 'Email was sent successfully!' END EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @oSmtp Go
After you ran above SQL statement, you can find a new stored procedure named “usp_SendTextEmail” under your database->Programmability->Stored Procedures. Now we can use this stored procedure to send a simple test email like this:
DECLARE @ServerAddr nvarchar(128) Set @ServerAddr = 'smtp.emailarchitect.net' DECLARE @From nvarchar(128) Set @From = 'firstname.lastname@example.org' DECLARE @To nvarchar(1024) /*You can input multiple recipients and use comma (,) to separate multiple addresses */ Set @To = 'email@example.com' DECLARE @Subject nvarchar(256) Set @Subject = 'simple email from SQL server' DECLARE @Bodytext nvarchar(512) Set @BodyText = 'This is a test text email from MS SQL server, do not reply.' /*User and password for ESMTP authentication, if your server doesn't require User authentication, please set @User and @Password to '' */ DECLARE @User nvarchar(128) Set @User = 'firstname.lastname@example.org' DECLARE @Password nvarchar(128) Set @Password = 'testpassword' /* If your smtp server requires SSL connection, please set @SSL = 1*/ DECLARE @SSL int Set @SSL = 0 exec usp_SendTextEmail @ServerAddr, @From, @To, @Subject, @BodyText, @User, @Password, @SSL
If you set everything right, you can get “email was sent successfully”. If you get “failed to send email with the following error:”, then please have a look at the following section.
When you execute above example code, if it returned an error about “Networking connection/Socket” or “No such host”, it is likely that your SMTP server address is not correct. If it threw an exception about “5xx Relay denied”, it is likely that you did not set user authentication. Another common error is “5xx Must issue a STARTTLS command first” or “No supported authentication marshal found!”, that is because your SMTP server requires user authentication under SSL connection. You can set the SSL connection to solve this problem. You can learn more detail in Troubleshooting section.
TLS is the successor of SSL, more and more SMTP servers require TLS 1.2 encryption now.
If your operating system is
Windows XP/Vista/Windows 7/Windows 2003/2008/2008 R2/2012/2012 R2,
and you got connection error with SSL/TLS connection,
you need to enable TLS 1.2 protocol in your operating system like this:
Because each email account provider has different server address, so you should query your SMTP server address from your email account provider. To prevent spreading email from the server, most SMTP servers also require user authentication. User name is your email address or your email address without domain part, it depends on your email provider setting.
Finally, if you have already set your account in your email client such as Outlook or Window Mail, you can query your SMTP server address, user in your email client. For example, you can choose menu -> “Tools” - > - “Accounts” - > “Your email account” - > “Properties” - > “Servers” in Outlook express or Windows Mail to get your SMTP server, user. Using EASendMail to send email does not require you have email client installed on your machine or MAPI, however you can query your exist email accounts in your email client.
Mail Address Syntax in EASendMail SMTP Component:
// For single email address (From, ReplyTo, ReturnPath), the syntax can be: // ["][display name]["]<email address>. // For example: "Tester, T" <email@example.com> Tester <firstname.lastname@example.org> <email@example.com> firstname.lastname@example.org // For mulitple email address (To, CC, Bcc), the syntax can be: // [single email],[single email]... // (,;\r\n) can be used to separate multiple email addresses. // For example: "Tester, T" <email@example.com>, Tester2 <firstname.lastname@example.org>, <email@example.com>, firstname.lastname@example.org
[SQL Stored Procedure Example - Email syntax]
To better understand the email address syntax, please refer to the following codes.
EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'FromAddr', 'Tester<email@example.com>' EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'FromAddr', 'firstname.lastname@example.org' EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'FromAddr', '<email@example.com>' /* Using AddRecipientEx to add To, Cc and Bcc in SQL Multiple addresses are separated with (,) The syntax is like this: "firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com"*/ EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'AddRecipientEx', NULL, 'firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com', 0 EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'AddRecipientEx', NULL, 'Test1<firstname.lastname@example.org>, Test2<email@example.com>', 0 /* You can also add carbon copy (CC) or blind carbon copy (BCC) in the email.*/ EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'AddRecipientEx', NULL, 'CC recipient<firstname.lastname@example.org>', 1 EXEC @hr = sp_OAMethod @oSmtp, 'AddRecipientEx', NULL, 'Bcc recipient<email@example.com>', 2
From, Reply-To, Sender and Return-Path are common email headers in email message. You should always set From property at first, it is a MUST to identify the email sender. The following table lists the header and corresponding properties:
This property indicates the original email sender. This is what you see as the “FROM” in most mail clients.
This property indicates the reply address. Basically, when the user clicks “reply” in mail client, the Reply-To value should be used as the recpient address of the replied email. If you don’t set this property, the Reply address is same as From address.
This property indicates the who submit/send the email. When the user received the email, the email client displays: From: “sender address” on behalf of “from address”. If you don’t set this property, the Sender address is same as From address. Sender property is common used by mail listing provider. This property also takes effect to DKIM/DomainKeys signature, if Sender is different with From address, then you should sign DKIM/DomainKeys based on Sender domain instead of From address domain.
This property indicates the delivery notification report address. If you don’t set this property, the Return-Path address is same as From address. This property also takes effect to SPF record, if Return-Path is different with From address, then remote SMTP server checkes SPF record of Return-Path instead of From address.
[SQL Stored Procedure Example - ReplyTo, ReturnPath and Priority]
EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'FromAddr', 'Tester <firstname.lastname@example.org>' /* Set the Reply-To address*/ EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ReplyTo', 'replyto@@emailarchitect.net' /* Set the email address to receive delivery report */ EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ReturnPath', 'email@example.com' /* Set high priority */ EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'Priority', 1
If you want to send email in HTML format, you can enable HTML format like this:
EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'BodyFormat', 1
When you send email in above simple SQL stored procedure, if it returned an error, please have a look at the following tips:
This error means DNS server cannot resolve SMTP server, you should check if you input correct server address. If your server address is correct, you should check if your DNS server setting is correct.
This error means there is a problem with networking connection to SMTP server. You can use Windows built-in Telnet command to detect the networking connection.
Notice: in Windows 2008/Windows 8 or later version,
Telnet Client is not installed
by default, you should enable this command in
Control Panel ->
Turn Windows feature on or off -> have
Telnet Client checked.
Under DOS command prompt, input “telnet [serveraddress] [port]”:
telnet mail.emailarchitect.net 25 press enter.
If the networking connection to your SMTP server is good, it should return a message
220 .... If it returns
Could not open connection to ..., that means the
networking connection to SMTP server is bad, or outbound 25 port is blocked by anti-virus
software, firewall or ISP. Please have a look at the following screenshot:
25 port is the default SMTP server port to receive email. However, some ISP block outbound 25 port to prevent user to send email directly to other SMTP server. Therefore, many email providers also provide an alternative port 587 to receive email from such users. 465 port is the common port used to receive email over implicit SSL connection. If you use telnet to test 465 port, it doesn’t return the “220…”, because it requires SSL hand shake. But if the connection is ok, telnet returns a flash cursor.
This error means SMTP server blocks your IP address or email content. You can try to set user/password in your codes to do user authentication and try it again. If email client set user authentication, most SMTP servers do not check client source IP address in black list.
TThis error means user authentication is failed, you should check whether you input correct user/password. Password is always case-sensitive.
For anti-spam policy, most SMTP servers do not accept the email to outbound domain without user authentication. You should set user/password in the codes and try it again.
This error means SMTP server requires SSL/TLS connection. You should enable SSL/TLS connection like this:
/* If your smtp server requires TLS connection, please add this line*/ EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'ConnectType', 1
This error means SMTP server doesn’t support user authentication or it requires user authentication over SSL/TLS connection. You can try to remove user/password in your codes and try it again.
If SMTP server returns an error, it usually returns description about this error. Some descriptions also include a HTTP link, you can go to this linked web page to learn more detail. You can also use the following codes to generate a log file to learn all SMTP session between client and server.
[SQL Server - Using log file to detect SMTP server response - Example]
EXEC @hr = sp_OASetProperty @oSmtp, 'LogFileName', 'd:\smtp.txt'
Seperate builds of run-time dll for 32 and x64 platform
|Installation Path\Lib\native\x86\EASendMailObj.dll||32 bit|
|Installation Path\Lib\native\x64\EASendMailObj.dll||64 bit|
For VB6, C++, Delphi or other standard exe application, you can distribute EASendMailObj.dll with your application to target machine without COM-registration and installer. To learn more detail, please have a look at Registration-free COM with Manifest File.
For ASP, VBScript, VBA, MS SQL Stored Procedure, you need to install EASendMail on target machine by EASendMail installer, both 32bit/x64 DLL are installed and registered.
In this section, I introduced the basic things of sending email in SQL stored procedure with EASendMail. At next section I will introduce how to send email over SSL connection.
If you have any comments or questions about above example codes, please click here to add your comments.