The following vb.net example codes demonstrate how to send email without specified SMTP server.
How does it work?
In general, we send email via specified SMTP server. How does the specified SMTP server know what address this email should be sent to? The answer is… it queries MX record of recipient’s domain via DNS lookup. It then forwards this email to the SMTP server queried from DNS server. If recipient’s server doesn’t work fine, sender’s SMTP server will send a failure-delivery report to the sender telling it failed to send out the email.
How does EASendMail SMTP component work with “Send email directly”? Firstly, it queries MX record for recipient address from DNS, then sends email to recipient’s email server directly. In short, if no SMTP server is specified in the code, EASendMail will send email to recipient directly. Since querying DNS server consumes CPU time and networking resource, the performance of “Send email directly” is lower than sending email with specified SMTP server. Moreover, nowadays more and more SMTP servers block email sent from dynamic IP address, so we don’t recommend you to use “Direct Send Email” except you have a static IP address or you encounter problem with your ISP SMTP server.
Every recipient may have different SMTP server, if there are multiple recipients in one message and you want to send email directly, you should send the email to the recipients one by one.
To implement this feature, you just need to put nothing to SMTP server address.
Before you can use the following codes, please download EASendMail SMTP Component and install it on your machine at first. Full sample proejcts are included in this installer.
Install from NuGet
You can also install the run-time assembly by NuGet. Run the following command in the NuGet Package Manager Console:
If you install it by NuGet, no sample projects are installed, only .NET assembly is installed.
To use EASendMail SMTP Component in your project, the first step is
of EASendMail to your project. Please create or open your project with Visual Studio,
then go to
Add Reference ->
Browse..., and select
Installation Path\Lib\net[version]\EASendMail.dll from your disk, click
OK, the reference of EASendMail
will be added to your project, and you can start to use it to send email
in your project.
Because EASendMail has separate builds for .Net Framework, please refer to the following table and choose the correct dll.
Separate builds of run-time assembly for .NET Framework 1.1, 2.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, 4.6.1, .NET Core 2.1 and .NET Compact Framework 2.0, 3.5.
|File||.NET Framework Version|
Built with .NET Framework 1.1
It requires .NET Framework 1.1, 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 2.0
It requires .NET Framework 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 3.5
It requires .NET Framework 3.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 4.0
It requires .NET Framework 4.0 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 4.5
It requires .NET Framework 4.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Framework 4.6.1
It requires .NET Framework 4.6.1 or later version.
Built with .NET Core 2.1
It requires .NET Core 2.1 or later version.
Built with .NET Compact Framework 2.0
It requires .NET Compact Framework 2.0, 3.5 or later version.
Built with .NET Compact Framework 3.5
It requires .NET Compact Framework 3.5 or later version.
The following example codes demonstrate sending email message using MX DNS lookup.
In order to run it correctly, please change
recipient value to yours.
To get full sample projects, please download and install EASendMail on your machine.
' Add EASendMail namespace Imports EASendMail Module Module1 Sub Main() Try Dim oMail As New SmtpMail("TryIt") ' Set sender email address, please change it to yours oMail.From = "firstname.lastname@example.org" ' Set recipient email address, please change it to yours oMail.To = "email@example.com" ' Set email subject oMail.Subject = "test email from VB.NET project" ' Set email body oMail.TextBody = "this is a test email sent from VB.NET project, do not reply" ' Do not set SMTP server address Dim oServer As New SmtpServer("") Console.WriteLine("start to send email ...") Dim oSmtp As New SmtpClient() oSmtp.SendMail(oServer, oMail) Console.WriteLine("email was sent successfully!") Catch ep As Exception Console.WriteLine("failed to send email with the following error:") Console.WriteLine(ep.Message) End Try End Sub End Module
With above code, if you get error like “5xx IP address rejected”, that means your IP address is blocked by the recipient’s SMTP server. You have to specify a SMTP server with user authentication to relay your email.
If your machine doesn’t have a static IP address, then I don’t suggest that you send email directly.
To learn more detail about EASendMail Serivce, please have a look at Work with EASendMail Service (Email Queuing).